You won't find a bigger synagogue than this one in the whole Balkan region. Even if you extended your search to all over Europe it would be difficult to find a similarly monumental synagogue. Again, the Austrians left their mark: The building was designed by the architect Friedrich Grünanger, finished in 1909 and inaugurated by Tsar Ferdinand I. Experts immediately see elements of the Vienna Secession, while the ignorant get stuck with the Moorish style. Up to 1,300 believers would comfortably fit in the synagogue. Yet there are only few regular visitors, because the members of the formerly sizable Jewish community have been dispersed. Those who still live here are primarily non-practicing Jews. Since 1992 the Museum of Jewish History is located in the synagogue.
The National Theatre is a jewel in the centre of Sofia, and the locals are rightfully proud of it. Even the Austrians can take some credit for its glory. The architects Helmer & Fellner, professionals for theatre buildings, were hired from Vienna. The opening took place in 1907, and only later the theatre was named after the great Bulgarian writer Ivan Vazov. Just as many other great theatres this one wasn't spared the bad fate - in 1923 a fire broke out, and World War II destroyed large parts of the house. Yet it was rebuilt over again, grander than before. Today it provides space for about 1,000 spectators. Not only are the performances great, the façade is a feast for the eyes. It's 40 metres high and is supported by six marble columns ornamented with Apollo and the Muses.
It's reputed to be the most magnificent building on the Balkan peninsula, at least from the 20th century. And this not only according to Bulgarians. Absolutely convince yourself of the cathedral's beauty. It was built as a remembrance to an important historical event: After the Russian-Ottoman War at the end of the 19th century, Bulgaria broke out of the Ottoman Empire, and the building is a sign of gratitude. At the same time it is a memorial to the soldiers who lost their lives. The Russian Tsar of the time, Alexander II, was and is known as the liberator king. The cathedral was named after the hero's patron saint. Construction started in 1904; however, it was only consecrated in 1924. The first highlight, its gilded domes, are visible from afar. The second is the size. As was the wish of the Bulgarian government, it has room for 5,000 people. This makes the never ending façade almost as imposing as the inside of the church, which consists of innumerable artworks: Frescoes, icons and mosaics.